• 教學科研
    【皖樅高中學?!扛咧杏⒄Z定語從句講解及練習
    來源: 發布時間:2015-03-29

    Step 1  Leading-in (導入)用下劃線標出下文中定語或定語從句。

    He is a clever student. He is a student who is good at English. He lives in a small village. His grandfather lived there before. I know a girl who lives in the village too. Her name is Wang Fang. Wang Fang’s father is a farmer. He is a hard-working farmer.

    Step 2 語法講解

    1:有關定語從句的幾個概念

    1)功能:相當于形容詞,修飾名詞或代詞,在句中作定語

    2)位置:定語從句置于被修飾詞之后:Those who are willing to attend the party sign here please.

    3)先行詞:被定語從句修飾的名詞或代詞稱為先行詞

    4)關系詞:引導定語從句的都稱關系詞

    2:關系詞的雙重身份及其選用原則

    1)先找關系詞,看先行詞指的是什么。  2)看關系詞在從句中所充當的成分 。

    先行詞前指代先行詞  

    關系詞 

    定語從句后在從句中做句子成分

    人 

    who  

    主語(說明是“誰”)

    人 

    whom 

    賓語(說明是“誰”)

    人 

    whose

    定語(說明是“誰的”)

    人 

    that 

    主語 /賓語

    物   

    which 

    主語 /賓語

    時間

    when 

    時間狀語

    原因

    why

    原因狀語

    地點

    where 

    地點狀語

    人物/事件/句子

    as 

    主語/賓語/表語

                                                                                                                                                      

    3:熟記如下原則:

    A:關系詞必用which 的定語從句

    1)在非限制性定語從句             2)在關系詞前有介詞時

    3)當先行詞本身是that時          4)當關系詞離先行詞較遠時

    B:當先行詞指物時,宜用that

    1)先行詞被 ①形容詞最高級  ②序數詞  ③數詞幾種詞修飾或被 ④only、any、few、little、no、all、one of 等修飾時。

    2)先行詞被all\much\little\none\few\one\something\anything等不定代詞修飾時。

    3)先行詞中既有人又有物時。

     He was looking pleasantly at the children and parcels that filled his bus.

    4)當主句中含疑問詞which時。Which are the books that you bought for me?

    5)先行詞在主句中作表語,關系詞在從句中作表語時。

    The village is no longer the one that was 5 years ago。

    C: who與that都可指人時,情況多用who作關系詞 .

    1)當主句是there be句型時,關系詞用         。

    2)先行詞是為anyone、those、someone、everyone、one等詞時,關系詞用         。

    3) whom在從句中只作賓語,可被           取代。

    4)當主句是who作疑問詞時,關系詞用       。

          Who is that girl that is standing by the window?

    D: whose作關系詞既指人又指物,在從句中作定語。

    Do you know Mr. Smith whose story is very moving?

    Do you know Mr. Smith, the story of whom is very moving?

    There is a room, whose window faces the river.(whose引導定從修飾room)

    There is a room, the window of which faces the river.

    There is a room, and its window faces the river. (2并列句用and 連接)

    1) She has two brothers,          wives are doctors.

    2) She has two brothers, and          wives are doctors.

    E:關系代詞as,作主語、賓語和表語

    先行詞被such和the same修飾,或句型as many(much)中,從句都用as 引導。

    1. Such books as you bought are useful.

    2. The school is just the same as it was 10 years ago.

    注意:區別 ①such … that … 引導的結果狀語從句。

    They are such lovely children that we love them much..

    ② the same … that … 引導定語從句。

    I want to use the same tool that \as you used just now.

    F:  關系副詞when與where、why:when 指時間 = in / at / on / during which;

    where指地點 = in / at / from / which;why指原因 = for which

    1)I heard the reason___________ he gave .

    2)I heard the reason ____________he was late .

    3)Is this the factory __________ you visited yesterday?

    4)Is this the factory  ____________you  worked before?

    5)I will never forget the days_________we spent together__________we travelled in America.

    Step3 定語從句練習:

     1. The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace.

    A. which     B. where    C. what   D. in which

    2. Do you know the man _______?

    A. whom I spoke     B. to who spoke   C. I spoke to   D. that I spoke

    Step 4 高考鏈接

    1. The prize will go to the writer ________ story shows the most imagination. (2011全國卷I)

      A. that              B. which         C. whose             D. what

    2. You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station ____ you can hire to reach your host family. (11上海卷)  A. which          B. where         C. when         D. as

     

    定語從句練習

    一.定語從句的理解:

    用來修飾名詞或代詞的詞成為定語:

    例如: a tall building    the book on the desk   anything important   the girl in red

      能否再舉出類似的例子_________________________

    以上的定語都是單詞或短語,如果定語是句子時,便成為定語從句。

         I know the girl in red  →  I know the girl who is in red  

    (這樣變化幫助理解,前者表示更簡潔,所以一般我們會在無法用某個詞匯或短語來修飾名詞或代詞時,我們選擇定語從句來幫助)

    I know the girl.  The girl is in red. (兩個簡單句) → (定語從句)

    I know the girl who is in red.

     找出被修飾的詞是_______________。這個詞就成為先行詞。

    其中連接兩個句子的是________________。 它就成為關系詞。關系詞在從句中指代先行詞,并在從句中充當一定的成分,觀察上句,關系詞在從句中充當____________。

    二.試一試:觀察下列幾組簡單句,并試著寫出定語從句。(后面附有定語從句中關系詞的用法,先學習后,可以幫助)

    I know the woman.               The woman is come from France.

    ______________________________________________________________

    He loves the dog.                 His mother bought the dog for him.

    ______________________________________________________________

    This is the soldier.                The soldier saved the boy’s life.

    _____________________________________________________________                                                              

    He was friendly to the stranger.     He met the stranger in the street.

    _____________________________________________________________

    Lilly bought the book.             The book’s cover is pink.

    _______________________________________________________________

    The boy studies hard.              The boy’s father is a doctor.

    _________________________________________________________________

    This is the school.                  My mother works in the school.

    _______________________________________________________________

    I still remember that day.            You left for Beijing on that day.

    _______________________________________________________________

    Could you explain the reason?        You were late for the reason.

    __________________________________________________________________

    I will never forget the time.           I spent the time with my grandparents.

    ________________________________________________________________

    三:用適當的關系詞填空:

    1. I still remember the night _______I first came to the house.

    2. I'll never forget the day________   we met each other last week.

    3. Mr. Black is going to Beijing in October, _______is the best season there.

    4. I will never forget the days _______I spent with your family.

    5. I'll never forget the last day______ we spent together.

    6. This is the school ______I used to study. 

    7. Do you still remember the place______ we visited last week?

    8. Do you still remember the place_______ we visited the painting exhibition?

    9. Have you ever been to Hangzhou, _____is famous for the West Lake?

    10. Have you ever bee to Hang Zhou, ______lies the West Lake?

    11. Tom will go to Shanghai, ______live his two brothers.

    12. I live in Beijing, ____is the capital of China.

    13. There was a time ______there were slaves in the USA.

    14. It is the third time ______you have made the same mistake.

    15. It was in the street _____I met John yesterday.

    16. It was about 600 years ago____the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.

    17. The moment _____I saw you, I recognized(認出)you.

    18. This is the very novel about____we've talked so much.

    19. This is the way____he did it.

    20. Who is the student _____was late for school today?

    21. Who _____knows him wants to make friends with him?

    22. She loves playing soccer      is very popular in the UK.

    23. He lives in the room____window faces to the south.

    24. The park is a very quiet place        you can have e rest.

    25. This is Mr. John for____son I brought a book yesterday.

    26. This is Mr. John for_____I bought a book yesterday.

    27. This is the hour_____the place is always full of women and children.

    28. And there is one point ______I'd like your advice.

    29. Winter is the time of year______the days are short and nights are long.

    30. I hope you will find this valley a beautiful place____you may spend your weekend.

    四:高考題:

    1.The old town has narrow streets and small houses _____are built close to each other. (20山東卷) A. they           B. where           C. what           D. that

    2. She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction _____had taken more than three years. (2011江西卷)

    A. for  which    B. with  which    C. of  which  D. to  which

    3. A bank is the place ______ they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. (2011浙江卷) 

      A. when          B. that         C. where       D. there

    4. She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ____ allows them to communicate freely with each other. (2011福建卷) 

    A. which      B. where     C. what      D. who

    5. The days are gone ________ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. (2011天津卷) A. when       B. that               C. where       D. which

    五:翻譯:

    1:我在實驗高中讀書。                                                             

    2:我在實驗高中讀書,實驗高中位于我們縣城南部。(用定語從句)

                                                                                       

    3:我熱愛中國古代哲學。                                                            

    4:我熱愛中國古代哲學,古代中國哲學很有意思。(用定語從句)

                                                                                       

    5:孔子是位偉大的哲學家,他影響了中國2000多年。

                                                                                         

    6:墨子是中國古代很有影響力的哲學家。

                                                                                       

    7:墨子是中國古代很有影響力的哲學家,他以穿著不修邊幅和行為舉止而文明。

                                                                                           

    定語從句練習二

    1.Sorry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need.
      A. what     B. who    C. whom    D. which
    2.This is the dictionary ________ Mum gave me for my birthday.
      A. which    B. what    C. whose   D. whom
    3.Do you know the man ________ is sitting behind Nancy?
      A. what    B. which    C. who     D. whom
    4.The book ________ he bought yesterday is very interesting.
      A. /     B. why     C. when     D. what
    5.I have found some pictures of the most interesting places _____ you can visit        during the winter holidays.
      A. where     B. which    C. what    D. that
    6.I’d like to tell you about the table manners __ you should know when you visit Korea.
      A. which     B. who    C. what     D. how
    7.I shall never forget those years ________ I lived on the farm with the farmers,  ________has a great effect on my life.
      A. when; who  B. that; which  C. which; that          D. when; which 
    8.Is oxygen the only gas ________ helps fire burn?
      A. that      B. /     C. which    D. it                          
    9.Is ________ some German friends visited last week?
      A. this school         B. this the school     
      C. this school one      D. this school where 
    10.---What kind of music do you like?  
    ---I like music ________ has great lyrics.
       A. that     B. what    C. who     D. whose
    11.That is the only thing ________ I bought from the supermarket.
       A. which   B. that    C. what     D. where
    12.The place ________ interested me most was the Children’s Palace.
       A. which  B. where   C. what   D. in which
    13.The computer ________ last week has gone wrong.
       A. which I bought it   B. I bought    C. what I bought  D. I bought it
    14.That is the poor boy ________ father died in a traffic accident last year.
       A. who    B. whom    C. whose   D. which
    15.Do you know the girl ________ is standing under the tree?
       A. who     B. whom   C. which   D. where
    16.Is the woman ________ talked to our teacher yesterday your mother?
       A. who     B. whom   C. which    D. what
    17.The young lady ________ we met yesterday is our new maths teacher.
       A. what   B. whose    C. whom   D. which
    18.I like to live in a house ________ is big and bright.
      A. that     B. who      C. how     D. why
    19.I hate people ________ talk much but do little.
       A. whom   B. which    C. who    D. when
    20.I am one of the boys ________never late for school. 
      A. that is   B. who are  C. who am  D. who is
    21.Mr Green, there is someone at the front desk ________ would like to speak with you.
       A. he    B. who    C. which      D. whom
    22.I love the small village ________ I was born.
       A. that   B. which   C. where     D. whose
    23.Here comes the girl ________ handwriting is the best in our class.
       A. which   B. whose   C. that     D. who
    24.My parents usually buy me some simple clothes ________ can last a long time.
       A. who   B. that     C. whom    D. whose
    25.The boy ___________ is watering the flowers is my cousin.

       A. which   B. what   C. whom   D. that  
    26.---Do you know everybody ________ came to the party?
       ---No, I don’t know the one________ you had a long talk with near the door.
       A. who;/        B. whose; that    
       C. that; which    D. /; whom
    27. The boy________ won the first prize is called Roy.
       A. when    B. whom   C. who    D. which
    28.Children like houses ________ are painted in different colours.
       A. which    B. they     C. those    D. what
    29.Do you think most students prefer tests ________ have easy questions?
       A. who     B. where     C. that     D. it
    30. He is one of the experienced engineers in this factory ____ hard work was repaid          with the development of the factory.
       A. where   B. whose    C. in which   D. that

    31. The number of people ___________ lost homes reached 250,000.

    A. which   B. who    C. whom     D. /

    32. At last, the man handed everything ____________ he had stolen to the police.

    A. which     B. whom     C. whatever   D. that

    33. Everything ___________ he said is true.

    A. that     B. what     . which     who  

    34. He _________ plays with fire gets burned.

    A. which   B. who   C. that  D. what  

    35. This is the building in __________ he lives.

    A. that     B. where   C. which   D. what  

    36. There is nothing ___________ I can do for you.

    A. which    B. who    C. whom   D. that

    37. Mr Zhang is the doctor ____________ house is near ours.

    A. who    B. whose     C. that    D. / 

    38. Most of the students are afraid of the teachers _____________ strict with students.

    A. who is     B. that is     C. which are   D. who are  

     

     

     

    KEYS:

     

    1. when   2. when  3. which   4. that/which   5. that 6. where   7. that/which  8. where  9. which   10. where  

     

    11. where   12. which  13. when   14. that   15. that  16. that   17. (that)   18. which    19. (that/in which)   20.that

     

    21.that   22 which   23.whose    24. where   25. whose 26. whom    27. when   28. that    29. that     30. where

    Keys:


    1-5 DACAD 
    6-10 ADABA 
    11-15BABCA

    16-20 ACACB 
    21-25 BCBBD
    26-30ACACA

     

    大香大香伊人在钱线久久,国产最新精品一区二区三区,日本久久久久午夜免费,国产成人无码一区二区动漫,国产四虎免费精品